jueves, 10 de abril de 2014

Elvis Put up Big Numbers on Cash Box’s Singles Record Chart


Elvis Put up Big Numbers on
Cash Box's Singles Record Chart ( CON'T)

Cash Box gave Elvis more #1 ratings
One big difference between the two charts, however, is in the key category of Elvis's #1 records. Thirteen Presley singles reached the top of both the Billboard and Cash Box charts. They were "Heartbreak Hotel" (1956); "Don't Be Cruel" (1956); "Love Me Tender" (1956); "All Shook Up" (1957); "Teddy Bear" (1957); "Jailhouse Rock" (1957); "Don't" (1958); "Stuck on You" (1960); "It's Now or Never" (1960); "Are You Lonesome Tonight?" (1960); "Surrender" (1961); "Good Luck Charm" (1962); and "Suspicious Minds" (1969).
Billboard credited Elvis with a fourteenth #1 when "A Big Hunk O' Love" sat atop the "Hot 100" for two weeks in 1959. According to Cash Box, however, that Elvis single never was the top seller during any week that year, and so it peaked at #2 on the magazine's "Top 100 Singles."
However, Cash Box more than made up for denying "A Big Hunk O' Love" #1 status by assigning Elvis 5 additional chart-topping singles that never reached #1 on the "Hot 100." They were "Hound Dog" (1956); "Too Much" (1957); "Return to Sender" (1962); "In the Ghetto" (1969); and "Burning Love" (1972). All of those Presley records had peaked at #2 on Billboard's chart, except for "In the Ghetto," which reached #3. What's more, Cash Box credited Elvis with having 8 consecutive #1 single records starting with "Hound Dog" in August 1956 and running through "Don't" in March 1958. The longest #1 streak for Elvis on the "Hot 100" was 5 titles from 1959-1961.
Overall, then, Cash Box credited Elvis with 18 #1 single records, while Billboard limited him to just 14 chart-toppers.
Cash Box gave Elvis more top 10 ratings
When it comes to singles that reached the top 10 on the charts, Cash Box was again more charitable towards Elvis than was Billboard. A total of 45 Elvis titles reached the top 10 of the "Top 100 Singles" chart, with just 38 achieving the same status on the "Hot 100." Obviously, Presley's heavy record sales, which earned him higher chart positions on Cash Box's sales chart, was blunted somewhat on Billboard's air play oriented chart by weekly DJ reports that were apparently a bit soft on Elvis.
A couple of other differences in Elvis's chart histories on the Cash Box and Billboard single record ratings resulted from the difference in how the two charts were compiled. The first has to do with how long certain Presley hit records remained on the two charts.

Elvis Presley All Shook Up sleeve In the 1950s, Elvis's big hit singles spent much more time on Billboard's chart than they did on the Cash Box best seller list. For instance, the Billboard-to-Cash Box "weeks-on-chart" ratio for some of Presley's early hits include "Heartbreak Hotel" 27-21, "Hound Dog" 28-21, "Teddy Bear" 25-16, and "Jailhouse Rock" 27-20. The biggest difference in length of chart run, however, goes to "All Shook Up," which remained on Billboard's chart for 30 weeks but stayed on Cash Box's list for only 18 weeks. The natural assumption is that long after sales of these Elvis hits had run their course in the record shops and dropped from Cash Box's sales chart, they continued to be popular on the radio. DJ air play reports to Billboard then kept those titles on that magazine's list for an extended period of time.
After Elvis returned home from the army in 1960, the discrepancy in chart run length of Elvis singles on the two charts essentially disappeared. The chart runs of his first four post-army singles—"Stuck on You," "It's Now or Never," "Are You Lonesome Tonight?" and "Surrender"—were all within one week of each other on the "Hot 100" and the "Top 100 Singles."
Cash Box dilemma—how to handle Elvis's two-sided hit singles
The fact that both sides of Elvis Presley singles record releases were often popular presented the Cash Box chart compilers with a dilemma. When a consumer purchased a two-sided 45, which side should be credited with the sale for chart placement purposes? There was no problem when one side was clearly more popular than the other. For example, it was obvious which song most buyers wanted when they purchased the "Return to Sender"/"Where Do You Come From" single in 1962. The credit dilemma came when both sides of the single were seemingly equally popular.
Take, for instance, "Hound Dog"/"Don't Be Cruel," Elvis's biggest double-sided hit. When the single began flying off record store shelves after its release in July 1956, Cash Box assigned all sales credits to the "Hound Dog" side. It was logical to assume teenagers were purchasing the record for that side, since Elvis had recently performed controversial TV versions of the song on both "The Milton Berle Show" and "The Steve Allen Show." Elvis's "Hound Dog" recording was already at #2 on the Cash Box chart by the time "Don't Be Cruel" made its chart debut on August 11. Starting the next week, Cash Box listed "Hound Dog" as the #1 selling single record in the country for 4 straight weeks. As Elvis's single continued to out-sell all comers, Cash Box began assigning sales to the flip side, "Don't Be Cruel," which moved into the #1 spot on September 15. When that title remained atop the chart for 5 more weeks, it meant that Elvis's "Hound Dog"/"Don't Be Cruel" combo had been the nation's top selling single record for 10 consecutive weeks.
Elvis Presley Little Sister sleeve Things did not go so smoothly with Cash Box's handling of some other Presley two-sided hits. For instance, in the fall of 1961, RCA released Elvis's "Little Sister"/"(Marie's the Name of) His Latest Flame" single. Both sides received heavy radio exposure and seemed equally popular with Presley fans. Using their regular combination of sales and DJ air play reports, Billboard rated both songs almost equally on the "Hot 100." "Little Sister" was on the chart for 13 weeks, reaching #5. "His Latest Flame" charted for 11 weeks and peaked at #4. Cash Box, however, apparently chose to assign the majority of the record's sales to the "Little Sister" side. As a result, although both sides were on the Cash Box sales-only chart the exact same number of weeks they had been on the "Hot 100," "Little Sister" peaked at #5, while "His Latest Flame" stalled out way down the list at #21. It this case, the Billboard rating system probably provided the clearer picture of the record's two-sided popularity.
Cash Box provided better record of Elvis's singles
Overall, though, during the 1950s and 1960s, Cash Box's "Best Selling Singles Chart," untainted as it was by the biases of disc jockeys, offered a more objective documentation of Elvis Presley's single record releases than did Billboard. Cash Box's sales-only figures upgraded the chart position of many Presley recordings from their lower ranks on the "Hot 100." Unfortunately, Cash Box's singles chart did not remain true to its original reliance on sales data. In the 1970s, the magazine began adding radio air play to its selection criteria. For the next two decades, until its demise in 1996, Cash Box operated in the shadow of "Big Brother" Billboard

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